Introduction: – Carrots are easy to grow in a garden with deep, loose soil; and as you may have guessed from the name, they are packed with beta carotene. A ½ cup serving gives you four times the recommended Daily Allowance of vitamin A in the form of beta carotene. Growing and harvesting carrots is a great way to take advantage of their nutritional benefits. Carrot farming plays major role in Indian economy as it is major vegetable crop in India.
Varieties of Carrot breeds in India: –
• Hills: Ooty-1, Early Nantes and New Koroda
• Plains: – India Gold, Pusa Kesar and Half Long Danvers
Best soil for Carrot farming: – Carrot is a cool climate season crop and when grown at 15ᵒC to 20ᵒC will develop a good color. The carrot crop needs deep loose loamy soil. It requires a ph ranging from 6.0 to 7.0 for higher yilelding.
Best season for carrot farming: –
• Hills: – At elevation above 1500 meters, Carrot can be grown throughout the year under assured irrigation. At elevations between 1000-1500 meters, Carrot can be grown in July-February.
• Plains: August.
• Seed sowing rate in Carrot farming: – 3.5 to 4 kg/ha.
Plants Spacing in Carrot farming: – Mark the rows with spacing of 25-30cm apart. So the seeds mixed with sand (one portion of seed with 4 portion of sand).
• Hills: 10 cm between plants.
• Plains: 5 cm between plants.
Preparation of Land in Carrot farming: –
• Hills: Prepare the land to a fine tilth and form raised beds of 15cm height, one meter breadth and convenient length.
• Plains: Two ploughing’s are given and ridges and furrows are formed at 30 cm spacing.
Seed treatment in Carrot farming: –
• Seed treatment with cow par pit @ 3g in 1 liter of water for 24 hours.
• Seed treatment with 5% Trichoderma viride.
• Seedling root dip with 5% Pseudomonos flowerscens before transplanting.
Irrigation/Water supply in Carrot farming: – Water supply should be given once in five days. During drought period, after giving irrigation in the evening, beds should be covered with wet gunny bags. This prevent excessive water loss during sunny days. Germination of the seeds is also improved.
Manures and Fertilizers in Carrot Farming: –
• Green manuring with lupin 60 days before planting.
• Sprinkling horn manure to the soil at her time of land preparation @ 75g/ha by dissolving it in 40 liters of water.
• Applying of well decomposed farm yard manure @ 50 t/ha at the time of land preparation.
• Applying of biodynamic compost @ 5 t/ha at the time of land preparation.
• Applying of vermin compost @ 5 t/ha at the time of land preparation.
Weed Control in Carrot farming: – After cultivation first weeding is to be done on 15th day. Thinning and ear-thing up should be given on 30th day.
Growth regulators in Carrot farming: –
• Foliar spraying of panchagavya @ 3 percent at 10 days interval from 1st month after sowing.
• Spraying 10% vermin wash 5 times at 15 days interval from one month after sowing.
• Foliar spray of horn silica @ 2.5 g/ha in 50 liters of water on 65th day after sowing to increase the yield and quality of the carrot roots.
Pests & Diseases in Carrot farming: – Carrot is not much affected by pests.
Root knot nematode: –
• Application of neem cake @ 1 ton/haat the time of sowing to control root knot nematode, Meloidogyne spp.
• Growing carrot once in 3 years by following crop rotation.
• Growing marigold once in 2 years.
• Application of Paecilomyces lilacinus @ 10 kg/ha before sowing seeds.
Leaf spot: –
• Foliar spray of 5% Manchurian tea filtrates 3 times at one month interval from one month after sowing/planting.
• Foliar spray of 3% Dasagavya at 10 days interval from 1st month after planting.
Soil borne diseases: –
• Application of Trichoderma viride @ 5 kg/ha at the time of land preparation.
• Application of Pseudomonas Flouorescens @ 5 kg/ha at the time of land preparation.
Yielding of carrot: – 25-30 t/ha in 100-120 days.