Little about Rabbit Farming: –
It can be a sustainable way to provide protein rich high quality meat to a family. There is little space needed as opposed to a cattle farm, and from a small invest a rabbit farm can create a decent income, even part-time. Rabbits can be bred for their meat and also their hide and fur to make clothes or other items.
Rabbit farming can be for anyone with the desire to raise livestock for a living. A farmer with no land will enjoy this trade as little space is required. Young adult not sure which path to take educationally can benefit from a farming life. A stay at home mother can tend to the rabbits and keep her children entertained at the same time.
There are two ways to rear the rabbits. Both systems need a shed or shelter to protect the rabbits from predators and the elements. A deep litter system is used when rearing a small amount of rabbits.
Rabbit farming scope and its national importance:
Rabbit farming is another livestock activity with great scope as it is relatively easy, rewarding and takes little space compared to other livestock activities. Rabbit farming can also provide a very valuable additional source of income in the hilly areas where opportunities of employment are very limited. Another important consideration is food production cycle, which shows that rabbit need not be in competition with man for its food. For producing high quality woolen blending with other fine quality fibers is essential, which are produced in limited quantity in our country. Therefore currently we are importing the fine wool. The wool from Angora Rabbits is of very high quality and its blending with carpet wool of sheep and silk improves the quality of woolen to a great extent. Rabbit farming is affordable. It does not take many rabbit to start a farm. They are excellent breeders and the farm will grow steadily with about 8-12 rabbits per litter. Rabbits are easily fed with available greens from around the yard and waste vegetables and grains from around the house. If compared to other meats, rabbit meat contains more protein and less fat than most. It can be fed to small toddlers and aging adults because it is easy to digest.
Main Advantage of rabbit farming:
- Rabbit are highly prolific and a good female can produce 25 to 30 kits (young ones) per year.
- Rabbits can be reared in small groups (up to 50 nos.) in the kitchen garden/backyard of farmer’s house with kitchen waste as feed. Family labour is adequate to take care of labour requirement of the unit. Initial investment cost is low.
- Quick returns i.e. within six months after the establishment of farm.
- Rabbit meat is rich in poly-unsaturated fatty acids and is categorized as white meat.
- Rabbits are the best producers of wool on per kg body weight basis. They require 30% less digestible energy to produce one kg of wool as compared to sheep.
- Income generation at quarterly interval makes the repayment easy.
- Apart from providing wool, rabbits also provide income from sale of kits, meat, pelt and manure.
- Residual feed, together with rabbit manure is highly suitable for vermin compost which in turn provides excellent manure for fertilizing the agriculture fields.
- Rabbit wool is 6-8 times warmer than the contemporary sheep wool. It can be mixed with silk, polyester, rayon, nylon, sheep wool and other fibres to make good quality hand looms as well as hand knitted apparels.
- Rabbits consume a large amount of forage from diver’s origins and hence, can be reared on roughage with very less quantity of costly concentrate feed.
Rabbit Breeds: – There are numerous breeds available throughout the world. Some of them are highly productive. Some breeds are very suitable for farming in India according to our weather. Most productive and suitable rabbit breeds are listed below. You can choose: –
- White Giant
- Grey Giant
- Flemish Giant
- New Zealand Red
- New Zealand White
- Siviet Chinchilla
Farming/Raising Methods: – Rabbits can be raised in both deep litter system and cage system. You can easily make a small shed at the backyard with a very small investment. Good housing or shed is necessary for keeping the rabbit free from weather conditions, rain, sun and various types of predators like dogs or cats etc.
Feeding in Rabbit Farming: – Good feed always ensure good health and proper growth. So, always try to feed your Rabbits with high quality and nutritious food. Rabbits can eat and consume all types of grains, legumes and green fodders like Lucerne, Agatha, desman thus and various types of kitchen wastes including carrots, cabbage leaves and other vegetable wastes. In case of raising rabbits by feeding concentrate food, try to provide them some green food. For 1 kg body weight of rabbit, you can feed those about 40 grams of concentrate food and 40 gram of green food. Along with good and nutritious food try to provide them sufficient amount of fresh and clean water according to their demand. See full rabbit feeding management.
Breeding in Rabbit Farming: – Rabbit become suitable for breeding within their 5 to 6 months of age. You should use male rabbits for breeding purpose at their 1 year of age to get quality young rabbits. Always use healthy rabbits for breeding with proper age and body weight. Take extra care of the male rabbit used for breeding purpose and take good care of pregnant rabbits.
Breeding in Rabbit Farming: – Rabbits become suitable for breeding within their 5 to 6 months of age. You should use male rabbits for breeding purpose at their 1 year of age to get quality young rabbits. Always use healthy rabbits for breeding with proper age and body weight. Take extra care of the male rabbit used for breeding purpose and take good care of pregnant rabbits.
Rabbit Care and Management: – For better production, you must have to take good care of our animals. Generally, diseases are le in rabbits. Healthy rabbits become very active with a shiny hair coat. But if anyhow something goes wrong, then you have to take necessary steps immediately.
Marketing of Rabbits: – Marketing is still a big problem for commercial rabbit farming in India. Although various govt. and non-govt. organizations are inspiring rabbit farming business. But the marketing problem is not still solved. Rabbit meat has good demand in some areas. You can try your local market and think about exporting in foreign countries.
Why Angora Rabbits are best for Farming?
Angora rabbits are mainly raised for their wool, which is known for its quality. Angora rabbits have their origin from Angora Province of Turkey form where they were taken to different parts of world and various types of angora rabbits were evolved. The differences between these types of angora are mainly in the amount of wool produced and the percentage of guard hair in the wool. Among the various types, German Angora is the best and annually yields 1000 to 1800 gm of wool under ideal management practices. Angora rabbits require temperate climate and can be adapted to any set of circumstances right form a kitchen garden to a large intensive commercial enterprise. They produce 6.4 times more wool than sheep on per kg body weight basis and do not require vast grazing land. The wool produced by rabbit is the finest, lightest and warmest among all animal fibres and is preferred for manufacturing of high value woolens which have got very good export potential. Rabbit wool also have medicinal properties and its garment are recommended in arthritis due to it electrostatic properties.
Now, we put down the Project Report in Angora rabbit Farming: –
- Financial assistance available from banks/NABARD for rabbit farming.
Bank Loan Sanction and its Disbursement: –
After ensuring technical feasibility and economic viability, the scheme is sanctioned by the bank. The loan is disbursed in stages against creation of specific assets such as construction of sheds, purchase of equipments and animals. The end use of the fund is verified and constant follow-up is done by the bank.
Repayment Period of Loan: –
Repayment period depends upon the gross surplus in scheme. The loan will be repaid in suitable quarterly/half yearly/annual installments usually within a period of about 6-7 years with a grace period of one year. Quarterly repayments are preferred in angora units as the income is frequent and the interest burden on borrower is reduced.
Insurance: The animals may be insured annually or through long term master policy, where ever it is applicable. You can google it to see who are covering the rabbits.
Model Project Cost and Economics in Rabbit Farming: – Project cost for a model of 10 female and 3 male Angora rabbits with economics is taken in this project.