Department of Agricultural Research and Education
The Department of Agricultural Research and Education (DARE) was established in the Ministry of Agriculture in December, 1973.
The Department of Agricultural Research and Education (DARE) coordinates and promotes agricultural research & education in the country. DARE provides the necessary government linkages for the Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR), the premier research organisation for co-ordinating, guiding and managing research and education in agriculture including horticulture, fisheries and animal sciences in the entire country. With 99 ICAR institutes and 66 agricultural universities spread across the country this is one of the largest national agricultural research systems in the world.
Apart from ICAR the Department of Agricultural Research and Education has one more autonomous body, viz. the Central Agricultural University, Imphal under its administrative control. The Central University, established in 1993, has its jurisdiction over the Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Sikkim and Tripura, and is wholly financed by the Government of India. DARE is the nodal agency for International Cooperation in the area of agricultural research and education in India. The Department liaises with foreign governments, UN, CGIAR and other multilateral agencies for cooperation in various areas of agricultural research. DARE also coordinates admissions of foreign students in various Indian agriculture universities/ ICAR Institutes.
ShriRadha Mohan Singh took over the charge of Union Minister of Agriculture on 28th May 2014.
Major Functions of DARE:-
- To look after all aspects of the agricultural research and Education (including horticulture, natural resources management, agriculture engineering, agricultural extension, animal science, economic statistics and marketing and fisheries) involving coordination between the central and state agencies.
- To attend all matters relating to Indian Council of Agricultural Research.
- To attend all matters concerning the development of new technology in agriculture, horticulture, natural resources management,agriculture engineering, agricultural extension, animal science, economic statistics and marketing and fisheries, including such functions as plant and animal introduction and exploration and soil and land use survey and planning.
- International co-operation in the field of agricultural research and education including relations with foreign and international agricultural research and educational institutions and organizations, including participation in international conferences, associations and other bodies dealing with agricultural research and education and follow-up decisions at such international conferences etc.
- Fundamental, applied and operational research and higher education including co-ordination of such research and higher education in agriculture including agro forestry, animal husbandry, dairying, fisheries, agricultural statistics, economics and marketing.
Organizations Under DARE:-
Agrinnovate India Limited a registered Company under the Companies Act, 1956 (No. 1 of 1956) is owned by Government of India in Department of Agricultural Research and Education (DARE). It aims to work on the strengths of DARE's Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) and promote the development and spread of R&D outcomes through IPR protection, commercialization and forging partnerships both in the country and outside for the public benefit.
The Company has been set up with an authorized share capital of Rs. 100 crore, with an initial paid up capital of Rs. 50 crores. The initial paid up capital would be met by DARE/ICAR from its budgetary allocations, without recourse to any additional funds from the Government.
Central Agricultural University:-
The Central Agricultural University(CAU) was established under Department of Agricultural Research and Education(DARE) on 26th January, 1993 by an Act of Parliament the Central Agricultural University Act, 1992 (No.40 of 1992) with its headquarters at Imphal, Manipur. The university has unique features of having jurisdiction over six States of North-Eastern Hilly Region (NEH) of India namely, Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Sikkim and Tripura. Like other Agricultural Universities of India, the CAU also has integrated programmes of teaching, research and extension education.
As per mandate, the CAU is offering seven U.G. Programmes in Agriculture, Agricultural Engineering, Fisheries, Home Science, Horticulture , Forestry, Veterinary Sciences & Animal Husbandry and Food Process Engineering. The University offers 25 Post Graduate Degree Programmes in different subjects. For smooth functioning of various programmes, the University has established seven constituent colleges in different parts of NEH Region.
The University maintains common academic calendar for all courses except Bachelors in Veterinary Sciences & Animal Husbandry (B.V.Sc. & A.H.) which is governed by the minimum standards for Veterinary Education. CAU is a fully residential University.
3. Indian Council of Agricultural Research:-
The Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) is an autonomous organisation under the Department of Agricultural Research and Education (DARE), Ministry of Agriculture, Government of India. Formerly known as Imperial Council of Agricultural Research, it was established on 16 July 1929 as a registered society under the Societies Registration Act, 1860 in pursuance of the report of the Royal Commission on Agriculture. The ICAR has its headquarters at New Delhi.
The Council is the apex body for co-ordinating, guiding and managing research and education in agriculture including horticulture, fisheries and animal sciences in the entire country. With 99 ICAR institutes and 65 agricultural universities spread across the country this is one of the largest national agricultural systems in the world.
The ICAR has played a pioneering role in ushering Green Revolution and subsequent developments in agriculture in India through its research and technology development that has enabled the country to increase the production of foodgrains by 4 times, horticultural crops by 6 times, fish by 9 times (marine 5 times and inland 17 times), milk 6 times and eggs 27 times since 1950-51, thus making a visible impact on the national food and nutritional security. It has played a major role in promoting excellence in higher education in agriculture. It is engaged in cutting edge areas of science and technology development and its scientists are internationally acknowledged in their fields.
4. Indian Agricultural Universities Association (IAUA):-
The main objective of the Association is to promote agricultural research, education and extension in the universities and the states, and thereby rural development in the country. It also acts as a bureau of information to facilitate communication, co-ordination and mutual consultation among agricultural universities. The Association also acts as a liaison between member universities and government departments to facilitate communication and expedite the needed action in matters of importance.
All the SAUs and institutions (deemed-to-be universities) and (Central Agricultural Universities) in India, which provide an integrated programme of teaching, research and extension education in agricultural sciences are qualified to become regular members of the Association.
Vice-Chancellors of member universities constitute the Association’s General Body. The General Body meets once a year to decide the agenda for the next convention and other events and also for adoption of its audited accounts of the year and approval of budget estimates for the next financial year, besides the election of the office-bearers for the following calendar year. The Executive Committee of the Association consists of President, Vice-President, Secretary-General, Treasurer and three members. The Executive Committee meets quarterly.
The office of the Association is manned by Executive Secretary, who implements the decisions of General Body and Executive Committee on behalf of the Association. A quarterly newsletter is also being published by the Association since 2000, giving important news, events and achievements by member universities for the information of all the members and others interested. An Annual report is also published documenting all the activities of the year.
The information on events proceedings are published through the host universities and the recommendations are also included in website (www.iauaindia.org) and circulated to all the VCs of member universities and other main stake holders.
5. National Academy of Agricultural Sciences:-
National Academy of Agricultural Sciences, New Delhi, India
The National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS), established on June 5, 1990, continues to be a unique think tank and an important forum for harnessing science for enhancing the productivity, profitability, equity and sustainability of Indian agriculture. The Academy has since emerged as a vibrant national agricultural science organization devoted to promoting agricultural research, education, knowledge pool, national and international partnerships and science-society interface towards transforming agriculture and the related policies leading to a comprehensive food nutrition livelihood-ecology-secured and climate smart India.
To promote excellence in science, act as a credible think tank of the scientific community and provide science-based inputs for policy options for a vibrant agriculture.
The major objectives of the Academy, inter-alia, are to:
• promote ecologically and environmentally sustainable and equitable agriculture.
• recognize and promote excellence of scientists in agriculture
• promote interaction among researchers of national, foreign and international organizations.
• organize inter-disciplinary analysis of issues of importance to farmers and farming, and provide evidence-based inputs for policies designed to advance agricultural research, education, strategic knowledge pool, and extension for development.
• carry out activities relevant to accomplish the above objectives.
The governance of the academy is through (a) General Body (b) Executive Council, (c) Statutory Committees, and (d) Twelve Regional Chapters.
In recognition of the academic excellence, the Academy elects 34 Fellows every year in the following eight sections. The section-wise distribution of the Fellowship is indicated in parenthesis. Crop Sciences (6); Horticultural Sciences (3); Animal Sciences (4) ; Fisheries Sciences (2); Natural Resource Management Sciences (5); Plant Protection Sciences (4); Agricultural Engineering and Technology(2) and Social Sciences (3). Foreign Fellow (2);
The Academy elects two Foreign Fellows who are foreign citizens; Pravasi Fellow (3); The Academy elects three Pravasi Fellows who are Persons of Indian¬ Origin (PIO) or Overseas Citizens of India. The Academy inducts young scientists below the age of 40 years as Associates of the Academy based on their scientific contributions.
The Academy has instituted various categories of Awards to recognize and encourage the meritorious and distinguished scientists for their celebrated contributions to the cause of agricultural research, education and extension.
The Academy biennially organizes the National Agricultural Science Congress. So far 14 Agricultural Science Congresses have been organized. The most recent was in February, 2019 in New Delhi.
The publications of the Academy are (a) NAAS News; (b) Policy Papers; (c) Status / Strategy Papers; (d) Policy Briefs; (e) Study Reports; (f) Annual Reports; (g) Foundation Day Lecture; (h) Presidential Address; (i) Journal - Agricultural Research; (j) Books; (k) Year Book. As of now, the Academy has published 88 Policy Papers, 10 Status/Strategy Papers, 3 Policy Briefs, 12 Proceedings and Books on various important issues pertaining to agriculture. the Academy launched an International Research Journal ‘Agricultural Research’ in 2012 in collaboration with Springer India Pvt. Ltd.
Impact of Recent Activities:
The various Policy Document published by the academy have been used by the Government agencies in formulation of their respective programmes. Some of the recent examples are mentioned below.
• The Academy has developed a scorecard for rating the Research Journal to facilitate the evaluation of the nominations for new NAAS fellowship. The Scores thus given to each Journal are being used by researchers and research organization as benchmark for quality of research publications.
• The Academy had developed a scorecard for rating the SAU in the Country and it has been adopted by for assigning ratings of the SAUs. The ICAR had approached to develop an appropriate scorecard for ranking of its research institutions. The NAAS undertook the work in Consultancy mode and has since submitted the proforma, scorecard and the relevant guidelines to assign scores for various parameters.
• NAAS Policy Brief on Innovative and Viable Solution to rice residue Burning in Rice-wheat cropping System through Concurrent use of Super Straw Management System Fitted Combines and Turbo Happy Seeder suggested technologies to address the problem of Rice straw burning especially in the states of Haryana and Punjab.
• The Department of Agriculture Cooperation and Farmers’ Welfare has assigned the Academy to prepare a National Soil and Land use policy, in a Consultancy mode.
Programmes during 2019
The Academy organizes Brainstorming Sessions (BSS) each year on thematic areas of national importance related to Indian agriculture. For the year 2019, the Council has approved the following programmes:
1. Strategy Workshop on “Uniform Policy for Fish Disease Diagnosis and Quarantine”
2. Brainstorming Session on “Enhancing Science Culture in Agriculture Institutions”
3. Brainstorming Session “Payment of Ecosystem Services”
4. Brainstorming Session “Vertical Farming”
5. Brainstorming Session “Big Data Analytics”
6. Brainstorming Session “Potential of Non-bovine Milk”
7. Brainstorming Session on Loan waiving versus Income Support Schemes : Challenges and Way forward
8. Preparation of NAAS-ICAR compendium on select agricultural technologies developed by NARS and that have made significant impact of the Indian economy.
6. Rani Lakshmi Bai Central Agricultural University
7. Dr. Rajendra Prasad Central Agricultural University
8. Agricultural Scientists Recruitment Board (ASRB Attached Office )